Two Digital WIPO Treaties: WCT and WPPT
In 1996, two new copyright treaties were adopted by the members of the World Intellectual Property Organization to deal with digital copyright issues that were not sufficiently covered by the leading copyright treaty, the Berne Convention. The Berne Convention was concluded in 1886 and has been revised a number of times, most recently in 1971, often to reflect technological changes. The WIPO Copyright Treaty (WCT) and the WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty (WPPT) came into force in 2002. Amongst other things, both treaties require member countries to guard against the removal of rights management information and to circumvent technological measures.
Canada Ratifies WCT + WPPT
In order to adhere to the treaties, a country must first comply with the minimum requirements set out in each treaty. Canada’s Copyright Act only recently complied with these minimum standards, in 2012. On May 13, 2014, Canadian deposited its instrument of ratification of the WCT and the WPPT. Each treaty will enter into force with respect to Canada on August 13, 2014.
Further information on Canadian Copyright Law.